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Unit 1
Federation and the Formation of the National Capital

A Time for Federation

Setting the scene

Federation was not a foregone conclusion. Debate raged for many years as practical considerations and political idealism proved difficult to reconcile. Finally, in January 1901, the Australian colonies united to become a nation. This was an obvious turning point in the history of Canberra, as it led to the pressure to create a national capital.

What to do

Timeline Example

Be creative

Once your timeline is complete, explain how you think the events in your timeline influenced Australian identity today. Hint: Australian identity may refer to the public's perceptions of the National Capital, mateship, national independence, popular culture and national icons.