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Federation and the Formation of the National Capital
A Time for Federation
Setting the scene
Federation was not a foregone conclusion. Debate raged for many years as practical considerations and political idealism proved difficult to reconcile. Finally, in January 1901, the Australian colonies united to become a nation. This was an obvious turning point in the history of Canberra, as it led to the pressure to create a national capital.
What to do
- Create a timeline documenting significant moments in the push towards Federation and the creation of Australia's National Capital.
- Provide a brief description against each date to explain the significance of that event.
- Begin your timeline in 1880 and finish in 1913.
- Construct your timeline using as much paper as necessary, or convert your timeline onto a disk.
- Be creative in your presentation and design.
Once your timeline is complete, explain how you think the events in your timeline influenced Australian identity today. Hint: Australian identity may refer to the public's perceptions of the National Capital, mateship, national independence, popular culture and national icons.